Task: put a WordPress blog/site behind a reverse proxy. So blog.mysite.com moves to supersite.com/blog.
Why? In our case, we do it for branding and also for SEO benefits: larger site supersite.com receives more traffic, and we want to fold our blog content into supersite.com/blog.
Let’s agree on a couple of terms before we start:
– original blog.mysite.com is A
– destination supersite.com/blog is B
I’m using the latest version of WordPress (4.2.2) and Apache (2.2) on Ubuntu.
Let’s get started!
Before we even touch WordPress, we need to make sure that the server hosting B is ready to accept requests and forward requests for any URL to A.
Assuming we have Apache setup and working, let’s make sure mod_proxy is enabled. With root or sudo privileges, run:
a2enmod proxy_http service apache2 restart
Then, open the Apache virtual hosts config file, and add:
ProxyPreserveHost On ProxyRequests Off <Location /blog> ProxyPass http://blog.mysite.com ProxyPassReverse http://blog.mysite.com Order allow,deny Allow from all </Location>
Quick explanation for each line:
ProxyPreserveHost On: Off by default. I’m turning it On because I host multiple sites on this server and use virtual hosts. If you don’t need it, simply exclude this line
ProxyRequests Off: should only be on for forward proxy, not for reverse proxies
<Location /blog>: applies proxy directives to requests matching /blog
ProxyPass http://blog.mysite.com: creates a mapping from a path within the local web site to a given remote URL
ProxyPassReverse http://blog.mysite.com: rewrites URLs in HTTP headers
Order allow,deny: allows access to all proxied content
After that, restart apache again:
service apache2 restart
Result: If you got this right, when you load supersite.com/blog you should see your WordPress blog home page.
Note: if you see errors 500 on interior pages, check .htaccess file for any rewrite rules, and adjust if necessary.
If you run into issues, here are 2 great sources on how to setup reverse proxy on Apache:
Update WordPress settings
Now we got to make sure that all URLs (category pages, single post pages) also display correctly on site B.
For this, log into WordPress admin using the original login link: blog.mysite.com/wp-login.php.
Go to Settings > General, and update the “Site address (URL)” field to B (supersite.com/blog).
Result: All pages should be accessible and rendering correctly.
Update redirects, canonical tags, robots.txt
This is a pretty extensive area that I have not completed yet, so I’ll add to this section soon once I have this task completed. Stay tuned!
If you use any font embedding services, make sure you have correct license to match your new domain (supersite.com), because it’s different than your original blog.mysite.com.
You should be able to login and administer all content via the original link blog.mysite.com/wp-login.php.